Why the England Sevens are training with ostrich eggs

With rugby often referred to as ‘egg-chasing’, it might come as no surprise to hear that the England Sevens squad is incorporating ostrich eggs into its training in the build-up to the World Rugby Sevens Series Hong Kong leg.

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Hand-eye coordination

The super-sized eggs, which weigh roughly two kilogrammes each, are being used as a tool to improve skills at a basic level for the squad. No one wants to be the one to drop an egg, due to all the associated mess, and the squad is seeing improvements in hand-eye coordination. This simple innovation is making improvements in throwing accuracy and in their touch of the ball – the egg is smaller and heavier than a regular rugby ball, so it handles differently. The squad is busy practising passes and even line-outs.

New approaches

The incorporation of ostrich eggs is not the first of the more unusual techniques coaches have tried in English rugby; for example, standard balls have been halved and players have even been practicing drills whilst wearing restrictive boxing gloves.

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Ostrich eggs might not be so easy to get hold of for the smaller, regional clubs; however, if you need to improve hand-eye coordination, there is almost certainly a rugby drill available from coaching sites such as https://www.sportplan.net/drills/Rugby/ to suit your squad.

The egg-cellent new drills were inspired by a trip to South Africa by Simon Amor, the head coach of the England Sevens, that incorporated a visit to an ostrich farm whilst the squad was taking part in the HSBC World Rugby Sevens Series South African leg.

Rugby is not the only sport to try unusual drills. These are not designed as ‘off the wall’ attention grabbers; instead, they encourage players to think differently and to expect the unexpected. The players can practise reacting to things they were not expecting and adapt their very regimented drills to not-exactly-by-the-book real-play situations.

Rugby Sevens continues to gain in popularity and the London leg of the HSBC tournament, billed the ‘Feast of Rugby’, will take place at Twickenham on the weekend of 20-21 May. There is an increased capacity this year, with 50,000 tickets available each day. The event organisers are promising something for everyone, with street food and music contributing to the festival atmosphere.…

Stay Emotionally Healthy with a little R&R

If you have been living a stressful life that has you reeling from day to day just wondering how you are going to keep up with it all, you need to seriously consider taking a short break. While many people living such busy lives can’t possibly imagine how they will get away from it all and manage to take a break, you need to acknowledge that if you are truly going to be able to live a productive life, you need to make sure that you protect your health and wellness.

Of course, staying physically fit through a healthy diet and regular exercise is an important component of staying healthy. We strongly advise you to stay in good shape physically. But your emotional health is also extremely important.

If you find yourself getting overwhelmed by your workload, you need to make sure that you consider just how you can protect your health and wellness by taking a little rest once in awhile.

One of the best ways we know of to get a break mentally is to totally separate from your usual physical surroundings. If you live the kind of life where you have a regular commute, visit the same grocery store each week, and have a rather limited lifestyle, why not take a few weeks off and go on an epic road trip? The break from your usual physical surroundings will allow you to totally separate mentally from all of the stress you have been building up from your daily routine.

Make sure that your car is in good shape before your road trip so you do not have any added stress while out on the road. Good tires from the Tire Buyer’s Groupon Coupons page can be purchased relatively cheaply, with deals such as $10 off to $25 off plus free shipping. Once your car is ready to go, just pack your bags, put in your vacation notice, and get going. Don’t take time to second-guess the decision, as it is all too easy to settle back into your old routine and delay your focus on your health. Besides, you will find that after a short break, you are more productive than ever before anyway.…

Bolster Your Weight Loss Efforts With Our Advice

When it comes to losing weight and burning fat, everything you do counts. From eating too many calories to not exercising enough, everything needs to be above par to really see results. That means every calorie you miss counts towards a smaller stomach and every calorie you burn pushes you forward toward your weight loss goals. Making sure you have the advantage on every weight loss front really goes a long way to losing that weight. This is the topic of our post and our goal today is to give you enough ways to further bolster your fat burning and weight loss success.

Fat Burning & Weight Loss Supplements

When I think of the many ways you can help ensure your success, I immediately think of weight loss supplements. They contain extracts that are mixed into the one supplement. These extracts produce many effects that work towards your goal of burning fat and losing weight.

Some of them help with the reduction of hunger, which can be especially important for people that have trouble dealing with that ‘hangry’ feeling. As well, fat burning and weight loss supplements also help increase your body’s metabolism and thermogenic heat. Assisting with the burning of more fat throughout the day.

They can be quite literally the difference between controlling your appetite and hunger, and eating lots of food, ruining those weight loss goals you have worked so hard for. If you are interested in these type of weight loss and fat burning supplements consider browsing the products from https://www.supplementexpress.com.au.

Mental Motivation

To keep up your spirits you need to maintain your motivation to achieve your goals. As long as you have a solid amount of motivation there shouldn’t be anything that can stop your forward momentum.

There are a range techniques that can really help with maintaining your motivation. One of the ones that I find effective is to constantly remind yourself of the reasons behind your goals. If one of your reasons is to lose weight for summer. Then constantly remind yourself of a slim summer body.

Put up photos of people that have already achieved that summer body. Put them up all around your house, in commonly seen places. This constant site will keep your reason fresh in your mind, ready to be achieved.

Make It Challenging

Have you ever noticed that we will play and enjoy that same game, over and over again? You will find that these type of games, the ones that you find interesting, are also the ones that are competitive. Usually there will be another person you are competing with and that in itself turns the game from boring to quite thrilling and fun.

The same can be said about weight loss, if you make a competition out of it, it will be less boring and you will have a greater amount of success. Try to setup goals with your partner or friend and see who can reach them first.

Optionally, you can download one of the many app that are available that essentially turn your weight loss success into a gambling competition. With successful participants ranking in the winnings.…

Activated Sludge and WasteWater Treatment

Activated Sludge (AS) treatment has been used for many years to treat sewage and industrial wastewater. It is principally a biological treatment system, operating both aerobically and anaerobically in order to reduce ammonia content (by converting it to nitrate and, ultimately, nitrogen). The process also reduces the Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) through the oxidation of carbonaceous content, removes suspended solids and may remove phosphorous where necessary.

Modern urban wastewater treatment plant.

Screening

Many foreign objects become entrained in wastewater flow, either deliberately introduced or accidentally (such as gravel washed into sewers from the roads). Such objects must be filtered out of the wastewater flow prior to entering the treatment process itself.

Settling tanks may also be used to remove further solids from the wastewater.

Aeration for Nitrification

The first stage of the biological process occurs under aerobic conditions. The wastewater enters a bioreactor, where it is mixed with AS (extracted later in the process and returned to the aeration tank when the process is under way. For start-up of the plant, seeding bacteria are used to initiate the nitrification process).

This stage forms mixed liquor (ML). The bacteria from the AS uses the highly oxygenated environment within the reactor to convert the ammonia content of the influent to nitrite and then to nitrate. The effectiveness and efficiency of the process is affected by various parameters:

  • The influent biological loading compared with the mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS). This is known as the food:microorganism (F:M) ratio
  • Residence time in the tank
  • Dissolved oxygen (DO) content of the ML.
  • Temperature.

The use of blowers to provide the necessary oxygen to the wastewater treatment process has the largest impact on efficiency. By ensuring only the necessary volume of air is provided, the operational costs can be minimised and efficiency of the plant is optimised.

Since the DO content of the ML is not stable, it does not provide the best parameter for controlling the blowers. Control would not react instantaneously to variations in load, which can lead to costly over-aeration, failure to comply with discharge limits or under-aeration, resulting in hydrogen sulphide production. A more accurate method is to monitor the DO, MLSS and influent loading to determine the volume of air required and control the blowers based on the real-time requirements within the plant.

Anaerobic Processing for Denitrification.

Following the aerobic process, the wastewater is led to an anoxic zone. Here oxygen is limited, forcing the biomass to scavenge oxygen from the nitrate, thereby converting it to nitrogen and further reducing the organic load.

It is important to monitor the oxygen level in the anoxic tank and ensure that it is minimised to encourage this reaction to take place.

Nutrient Removal

Following the biological treatment of the wastewater, it is often necessary to remove phosphorous before discharging to waterways.

Phosphorous causes eutrophication of waterways, resulting in the growth of algae. The algae deplete the oxygen in the water, resulting in an uninhabitable environment for fish and other wildlife.

The addition of calcium-, aluminium- or iron-based coagulant results in the precipitation of the phosphorous. It is important to accurately monitor the level of phosphorous in the wastewater so that only the necessary quantity of coagulant is added, optimising efficiency and preventing carryover of chemical into the discharge.

The wastewater treatment process is necessary for the protection of our environment. Accurate monitoring of the process conditions and influent parameters ensures optimum operational efficiency and compliance with discharge limitations.…

Is prescription drug importation dangerous?

Concern is rising following proposals that could enable thousands of imported counterfeit drugs to be given to patients in America.

US senators have been trying to use plans to repeal the so-called Obamacare health provisions to make amendments that could see the drugs market flooded by potentially dangerous drugs from abroad, according to critics.

The amendment proposed by senators Amy Klobuchar and John McCain would loosen controls on laws governing drug importation. Although the amendment failed, it has served to reveal how certain politicians fail to appreciate the dangers of opening the prescription market to possibly unregulated products.

The dangers

According to those in the know, imported drugs cannot be relied upon to be either safe or reliable. Foreign drugs may not have passed the stringent checks and balances required to maintain their effectiveness and safety.

The World Health Organization says such substandard, spurious, falsely-labelled, falsified and counterfeit – otherwise known as SSFFC – medical products are difficult to detect. Often designed to appear the same as the genuine product, they may not cause an obvious adverse reaction if taken but could fail to properly treat the condition or disease for which they are intended.

Imported drugs may have been produced in unsterile conditions, are probably untested, and could cause serious harm or even death to those who take them. Fake drugs are known to have caused deaths in numerous countries, including the US.

Safety first

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is the American federal agency responsible for testing all new drugs and medical devices. Under its jurisdiction, the US operates one of the most comprehensive regulatory and approval structures for medicine in the world, ensuring that all medicines work and, above all, are safe to use.

Anyone wishing to introduce a new device or medicine onto the market must go through a serious of rigorous tests and procedures before being approved for use.

If you want to know how long does it take to get a FDA 510k approved, services such as http://www.fdathirdpartyreview.com/ can provide you with more information.

Most medical experts believe that the FDA plays a vital role in helping to keep medicine safe in the US and that any relaxing of the laws regarding imported drugs would be detrimental to not only the health of the nation but also to the US pharmaceutical industry.…

China Attempts to Sift Through Backlog of Clinical Trial Marketing Applications

China Attempts to Sift Through Backlog of Clinical Trial Marketing Applications

For several years China has been experiencing a growing accumulation of pharmaceutical marketing requests and clinical trial applications. Factors contributing to this dilemma include improvements in research sparking new drug developments, modernizing standards to fall in line with the international community and a stricter regulatory process.

The Process

Unlike many other administrations elsewhere, such as in the USA, the Chinese Food and Drug Administration requires reviews to take place after each individual trial, regardless of the status of the drug in question, which tends to be rather time-consuming and tedious but thorough and effective. Each drug in question must be given permission to enter trials, at the end of which, assuming positive results, the drug may be put forward for certification.

The path through the system is the same for generic drugs as it is for new drugs, with no expedited pathway available in a system that also implements many redundancies which cause delays of their own. In fact, the average delay when just applying to register clinical trials is nearly 14 months per application.

The Fix

This was the case until recently, however. Much of the system is still in place, but some modifications to the overall programme have helped release some of the pressure from the delays. China has implemented a new coding system which grants a distinction in the system between drugs that are new and innovative and those that are generics or improvements on already existing medications. In order to accelerate modernizing their system, many terms have also been updated, such as innovative drugs being redefined to indicate they are internationally innovative instead of just within China.

Other changes are being made to the clinical trial approval system. These changes involve restructuring some elements of the trials and recording as well as encouraging more support from research centres and clinical trial assistants, such as those from http://www.gandlscientific.com/clinical-trial-assistants/, in order to streamline the process without compromising results.

Effects

All of these changes have led to a reduction in the backlog of applications without sacrificing the quality of their strict approach to approvals. The improved standards by which applications are being judged have also generated some breakthroughs on the international level, particularly those regarding cancer treatments. By both modernizing standards and streamlining the certification pipeline, the pharmaceutical community is strengthened.…